Temporal continuity: This connects shots to establish narrative development, it also establishes a progression of time. An example would be a group of people at a party and the director using temporal cutting to show that the party has lasted for a long time.
Spatial continuity: This creates unified space through editing shots from different angles such as the 180 degree role. This makes it look realistic and natural.
This is a guideline in spatial continuity and suggests that two characters in the same scene should always have the same left/right relationship to each other. In basic terms it means the characters should always be filmed from the same side (In the image to the left the green line is where they will be recorded from). You can cross this line (to the red line) but you should record both characters from the same side.
Shot/Reverse Shot:This is a film technique used to show a character looking at another character, who is often off screen, and then it shows the character looking back at the first character. This is also used to show a conversation between the characters.
Match on Action Shoot:
This is an editing technique and it is one shot going into another portraying the action that took place in the first shot, it shows the same movement and draws the attention away from the editing. An example is below:
In conclusion, continuity editing is very important as it makes the film realistic and natural, which is important because it keeps the audience interested throughout the film.